Hi there ! Today I want to share a post about Roasting types, I hope you like it!
Roasting is a heat process that turns green coffee into what we know as roast coffee, is a vital part of the coffee production process, it increases the chemical complexity of beans unlocking their aromas and flavors.
Diversity of roast styles/types have been done and standardized and taken specific names, sometimes of a country or place where they are popular.
Lets have a look of the most popular types of roasting:
Roasting Type: Arabic
Bean Color: Cinnamon
Roasting Level #Agtron: 95
Typical use: Arabic flavored
Roasting time: 5 to 7
Bean Temperature Cº: 165 to185
Aroma: Cereal, toast bread
Flavor: Herbal, nutty
Roasting Type: Scandinavian
Bean Color: Ligth Brown
Roasting Level #Agtron: 85-75
Typical use: Scandinavian
Roasting time: 8 to 11
Bean Temperature Cº: 185-200
Aroma: Toast bread, malty, acidic and roast coffee.
Flavor: Begin complex flavor development
Acidity: High but less complex.
Roasting Type: American
Bean Color: Brown
Roasting Level #Agtron: 65-55
Typical use: French press, precolators, drip brewing
Roasting time: 12-14
Bean Temperature Cº: 200-215
Aroma: Complex aroma’s peak.
Flavor: Complex flavor’s peak.
Acidity: High and complex.
Roasting Type: City and full city
Bean Color: Dark Brown
Roasting Level #Agtron: 50-45
Typical use: Espresso
Roasting time: 15-16
Bean Temperature Cº: 205-220
Aroma: Resinous, woody and some pyrolitics aromas.
Flavor: Woody, sweeter and less complex flavors.
Sweetness: High with less complexity
Roasting Type: Espresso (Italian and Vienna)
Bean Color: Brown Darkish (Slightly Shiny)
Roasting Level #Agtron: 40-35
Typical use: Espresso (Italian and Vienna)
Roasting time: 17-18
Bean Temperature Cº: 220-235
Aroma: Strong pyrolitics aromas.
Flavor: Pyrolitic and bitter flavors
Sweetness: High with low complexity
Body: Full but rough
Roasting Type: French
Bean Color: Black very shinny
Roasting Level #Agtron: 30-25
Typical use: Turkish
Roasting time: 19-20
Bean Temperature Cº: 230-240
Aroma: Charcoal like aromas.
Flavor: Charcoal and bitter flavors
Sweetness: Bitter overpower sweet flavors
Acidity: Very low
Thanks for reading 😉